Ancient Toroni – Lykithos castle
Toroni is in the southwest edge of the peninsula. The port of Toroni is located eastern of Lykithos, the small cape that is on the 13 metre high above the surface of the sea, in the north of the ancient town.
The most important excavations happened in 1975. The town was colonised by Chalcidis in the end of 8th century BC. In 480 BC it helped by force Xerxes in his campaign against South Greece. After the “Midika” it accessed in the First Athenian Alliance. It rebelled in 424 BC and accessed in Vrasidas, the Spartan leader, but during the Peloponnesian war it was the apple of discord between the Athenians and Lakedemonians, that’s why Thoukididis often memorises it.
In 348 BC it was conquered by Phillipos the Second of Macedonia. In 168 BC, after the battle of Pidna and the catalysis of the Macedonian Kingdom, it was occupied by the Romans. The ancient city was one of the biggest and richest in Khalkidhiki.
During the first Byzantine period the town shrunk. In 14th century AD its general space, has already constituted a monastery accessory of Agion Oros.
During the classical period, the city had 2 acropolis one in the south, in its highest part almost and another one in Lykithos, in the little fortified peninsula near the port. Lykithos was fortified in the Roman and Byzantine years.
The fortifications of the towns-tower up to a height and walls- are saved in a god condition and until the end of the last century, so the material was used as paving blocks in order to construct the roads of Konstantinoupolis and Thessaloniki. Today some traces are seen from their foundations.